reduction and development of bears ears national monument

Bears Ears National Monument shrank to a bit more than 201,000 acres in the Indian Creek and Shash Jáa units from its original size of 1.3 million acres. The video of the cave dwelling was processed and turned into a three-dimensional photogrammetric model. This upper cave was also walled off, but the structure collapsed at some point in the past thousand years. But the Trump reduction went too far — and excluded a wealth of artifacts and sites that are essential to native peoples’ practices. “So it’s opened up some of the sensitive areas to disturbances, it’s opened them up to possibilities of development, which could undermine or destroy sacred sites or cultural sites or just natural landscapes. The following map shows those boundaries and where they are located in San Juan County Utah. … You get it protected and all of a sudden you take all the protection off.”. The map that Mr. Hatch’s office provided, which was transmitted about a month before Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke publicly initiated his review … Among those harms, court papers say, are large sections of the monument where "troves" of unique dinosaur fossils have been discovered. "But I am a steadfast believer that public lands are for public use. The valley is full of “very unique places” for local Diné, or Navajo, people, said Jonah Yellowman, a spiritual adviser for Utah Diné Bikéyah, a nonprofit group that works to protect ancestral lands. “That if you resided there then you will return there.”. Now new people are tramping across the landscape, already a target for artifact hunters. Across the Bears Ears landscape, visitors can find rock art that dates back thousands of years. The lighter etchings were probably added later. Its inhabitants slept and stored food in caves like these, tucked away in alcoves. Tom Kenworthy. Warfare was common around A.D. 1200, and cliff dwellings provided safety and security to Puebloans. Utah Automated Geographic Reference Center, Spectacular fossils found at Bears Ears — right where Trump removed protections, Analysis | Areas cut out of Utah monuments are rich in oil, coal, uranium, How Trump is rolling back Obama’s legacy, Uranium firm urged Trump officials to shrink Bears Ears National Monument. “You know, there’s some folks out there that claim to be able to look at a rock art panel and be able to decipher this long, kind of romanticized version of a story that’s being told, and I think that’s kind of doing a disservice to what it could be trying to portray to us.”, Use two fingers to drag the panorama ✌️. Bear Ears National Monument Questions & Answers 1,351,849 Total Acres Forest Service 289,000 acres BLM 1.06 million acres AT A GLANCE Located in southeastern Utah . It was to be jointly by the federal government and the Bears Ears … Officials at the Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Forest Service did not respond to multiple requests for interviews on their management plan for archaeological and cultural sites both within and without the revised monument boundaries. The 85% reduction of Bears Ears National Monument, home to world-class rock climbing, is still tied up in court. As people moved through the area, they left their own types of markings on cliff faces, in caves and on boulders. Ali Vitali is a political reporter for NBC News, based in Washington. The Bears Ears National Monument designation decisively protected large strokes of the region that many had been crafting policy around for years. “This illegal decimation of the Bears Ears National Monument and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument opens up Navajo, Hopi, Ute, Ute Mountain Ute and Zuni ancestral lands to development that could degrade wildlife habitat, threaten cultural sites and expose communities in southern Utah to unacceptable pollution and health risks,” Stone-Manning said. "Your timeless bond with the outdoors should not be replaced with the whims of regulators thousands and thousands of miles away. Early farmers first lived in rock structures and later moved to mesa tops. To Hopi, whose ancestors lived here, the walls are tangible evidence of their cultural history.“There’s a lot of metaphorical analogy that we attach to artifacts and what they mean. With the monument’s status in limbo, more visitors could mean more trouble for the thousands of archaeological sites in the area. Another example of a sheep with pecked-out hooves. This large human figure was drawn more recently than the round, four-legged animal to the right. “Clawing back 13,000 years ago, those places, those archaeological contexts survive to some extent because of the fact that they don’t have farmers living on top of them,” he said. And when a monument is used to prevent, rather than protect, the president was right to take action.". This is the largest elimination of protected land in American history.". Then walk around to see it from all sides. There have been other conflicts over who should profit from the public lands. Use these markers to find out more about the petroglyphs. Like all national monuments, federal lands in Bears Ears are withdrawn from new mining, energy development and grazing; existing valid rights and leases will be honored. The Valley of the Gods is relatively dry and has little soil depth compared with Cedar Mesa. Land ownership data sourced from Utah Automated Geographic Reference Center. In 1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Interior Department developed a proposal that would have included much of the 2016 Bears Ears monument as well as what is now the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. 2016-12-29T23:58:37.000Z. The large, Archaic-style quadruped is positioned amid Basketmaker drawings of humans and animals and even appears to have something, maybe footprints, Till said, etched on top of it. Several American Indian tribes are asking the courts to reverse the order that reduced Bears Ears National Monument in San Juan County by 85%. The region, northwest of the much-visited Four Corners, includes a stunning variety of topography — flat-topped mesas and expansive valleys, sloping igneous mountains and towering sandstone cliffs. "Guess what? This plant may be a Basketmaker representation of a yucca stalk. "Will it be at all controversial? The people who built these walls used ropes or ladders to reach the caves. The designation prevented energy development and mining and allowed for restricting where vehicles could go. “Right now this monument is not being managed. Zuni people, who also descended from Pueblo, periodically visit Pueblo homes to connect with their ancestors from another millennium.“The homes that we build, we believe that they become living beings, and that nobody really leaves them,” said Carleton Bowekaty, lieutenant governor of the Zuni tribe. These images are consistent with Pueblo style. “The federal government, at least for the last 20 years that I’ve been really cognizant of, has been nothing but bullies. The Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition developed a comprehensive plan to create a national monument that would protect 1.9 million acres of these sacred lands, commencing an impassioned campaign to get Congressional approval. What is a National Monument? Bears Ears, designated by President Barack Obama, was significantly downsized, from about 1.3 million acres to about 220,000 acres of federally protected land. But many significant sites now lie outside the new monument boundaries. Explore the panel on your own and discover more information about many of the drawings from archaeologists Sally Cole and Jonathan Till. Our story, that we’re still here. Energy and Climate Defending against pollution and reckless energy development. WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump announced the reduction of two national monuments in Utah on Monday, lambasting past administrations for overreach in a decision likely to touch off a battle with conservation groups and Native American tribes. Bears Ears National Monument boundaries sourced from the Bureau of Land Management. A jury found him guilty of trespassing and conspiracy, and he was sentenced to 10 days in jail, fined $1,000 and was ordered to pay $96,000 in restitution along with a co-defendant who helped organize the protest. A hunting dog with a curled tail follows a group of bighorn sheep. They’re arrogant, they’re criminal. Zig-zag lines could be narrative tools similar to the rows of dots, representing migration or the passage of time. Bears Ears, currently 1.35 million acres in size, will be reduced by about 85% and split into the Shash Jáa and Indian Creek monuments. You need all of it to fulfill the practices of the rituals that go on.”. “Now, if you think that’s a good strategy, just tell me how to put Google out of business.”. Assigning an exact date to a petroglyph is difficult, and archaeologists instead group styles into larger eras. The sun sets over Bears Ears National Monument. The Trump administration slashed the size of Bears Ears national monument by 85% and Grand Staircase-Escalante national monument by nearly … A human figure with some kind of headdress that resembles horns. Similar shapes can be seen in late Basketmaker jewelry. For the last 13,000 years, humans have inhabited this part of the Southwest. Cave Canyon Towers is one of many Pueblo ruins in the Bears Ears National Monument area. Farmers farm, people build communities, earlier artifacts are buried, destroyed or mixed with later work. Its meaning is unknown but resembles the layout of a Basketmaker pit structure. Please enable JavaScript for the best experience. Here's what he has done so far. These vertical rows of dots may serve the same function as the longer horizontal rows before — indicating the passage of time or travel. Grand Staircase-Escalante will be reduced by about half and split into three new monuments: Grand Staircase, Kaiparowits, and Escalante Canyons. President Donald Trump speaks at the Utah State Capitol, where he announced big cuts to Utah's sprawling wilderness national monuments, in Salt Lake City on Dec. 4, 2017. They learned to farm corn and created communities on the mesa tops. President Bill Clinton Grand Staircase-Escalante as a national monument in 1996 as a kind of research park for paleontology. “These rock art panels that we have here were meant to be seen by everybody. Today, what’s left behind is a dense assemblage of artifacts and dwellings from different eras and groups. “A strategy to protect this area for many decades was just keep it a secret,” Ewing said. LEGEND Bears Ears National Monument Trump's attempted reduction Bureau of Land Management (BLM) BLM Wilderness/lnstant Study Area State Trust Land Forest Service Bill Lipe, Washington State University. The reduction made two different monuments the Indian Creek National Monument and the Shash Jaa (Bears Ears) National Monument. “When these things were first made, they were singing out to everybody,” Till said. ", That support is widely viewed as a slap at former presidential hopeful Mitt Romney, who has been rumored to be exploring a run for Hatch's seat. “So if something is totally repatinated, then we know it’s pretty darn old as opposed to something that is a lot lighter.”. This image has been scratched over completely. “Go there just to look around and to see the beauty around,” he said. President Barack Obama had created the Bears Ears Monument a year earlier. Then walk around to see it from all sides. "I don’t yield to pressure, only higher principle," he said en route to Salt Lake City. They assured him, Trump said Monday, that the major reduction would be "incredible" both for the state and the country. When that drawing was etched into the rock, there were already ancient pictures on it. The monument's original size was 1,351,849 acres (2,112.264 sq mi; 5,470.74 km 2 ), which was controversially reduced 85% by President Donald Trump on December 4, 2017. A 21st-century visitor can span thousands of years in a single stride. “I know all of you feel blessed to be living among some of the most glorious natural wonders anywhere in the world,” Trump said. Zinke was also undeterred by possible legal challenges — and steadfast in his explanation that this "is not about energy," but rather about expanding how people can use this land. "These types of developments will scar the lands, compromise vital parts of the paleontological record, ruin their wild, natural character, and destroy the resources the Monument was created to protect.". “Once it started to get some of the attention it did, now you’ve got everybody who knows about it,” Chapoose said. The rich trove of fossils is in an unprotected area of Bears Ears and has been looted before. They lie, they cheat. Bears Ears is located in San Juan County in southeastern Utah and was established as a national monument following an official proclamation by … The stories of these earlier peoples are still here, told by the places and things they left behind. These Basketmaker II-style figures appear to have atlatls or darts. Shapes, possibly footprints, were etched on top of the animal figure at a later date. During her tenure, she saw a repository of items reclaimed from families in the region who had been involved in illegal pot hunting, she said. A hunting composition including a person with a bow and arrow. Population intensity data courtesy of Archaeology Southwest (Catherine Gilman). The Obama administration’s boundary was a compromise the tribes could accept, said Chapoose, a co-chair on the inter-tribal coalition. 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